he International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA), which represents the worldwide profession of Landscape Architecture, proudly announced today at a special ceremony at their World Congress in Singapore that American Landscape Architect Anne Whiston Spirn has been selected as the winner of the 2018 premier award for Landscape Architecture, the IFLA – Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe Award.
The Award Jury composed of a Landscape Architect from each of the five IFLA regions, and the Secretary General of ISOCARP (International Society of City and Regional Planners) and Aziza Abdulfetah, Chair of Landscape Architecture at EiABC, (Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development), Addis Ababa University, who served as guest members of the Jury, agreed with the nomination statement, that “The reach of her work has been international and sustained and will likely influence the design and planning profession for years to come.”
Professor Spirn has served on the faculties of Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Currently, she is the Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor of Landscape Architecture and Planning at MIT. At Penn, she succeeded Ian McHarg as department chair, not an easy act to follow. Professor Spirn was able to maintain and advance Penn’s stature in landscape architecture, in part through significant hiring decisions. Throughout her academic career, she has had a reputation as an outstanding teacher and mentor. She is especially good at involving her students in challenging social situations, perhaps best exemplified by her continued engagement (both at Penn and later at MIT) in African-American neighbourhoods of West Philadelphia.
Professor Spirn’s most significant writings are her books The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design (1984) and the Language of Landscape (2000). A pioneering work in urban ecology, The Granite Garden has been recognised as one of the most important books of the 20th century. Its prescient vision helped advance our understanding about the nature of cities. This seminal work emphasises the importance of both the poetics of landscapes and the science of our profession and demonstrates both the depth and the breadth of her thinking. In doing so, she has helped to position landscape architecture as the most comprehensive of the arts. In this book, she illustrated how McHarg’s ecological design and planning ideas could be applied to urban areas.
The Language of Landscape lays out clear principles for reading landscapes. Both books are used in landscape architecture, city planning, and architecture courses around the world and have influenced many generations of students in landscape architecture. In addition to these two major books, Professor Spirn has written numerous articles, essays and book chapters and has made many presentations throughout North America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
Anne Whiston Spirn rounds out her academic experience through her talent in landscape photography to which she is committed. She is an advocate of the use of photography in design. Her book The Eye is a Door: Landscape, Photography and the Art of Discovery (2014) is a significant contribution to “seeing as a way of knowing and photography as a way of thinking.” Professor Spirn has expanded her use of photography through multimedia and the web.
After completing her Master of Landscape Architecture at Penn, Professor Spirn worked for several years at Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd before taking a teaching position at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design. She participated in several of McHarg’s firm’s most influential projects in the 1970s such as The Woodlands in Texas and the Toronto Waterfront. After leaving private practice, she became an academic practitioner, exemplified by the West Philadelphia Landscape Project. The latter helped lay the ground work for Philadelphia’s important undertakings in storm water management and green infrastructure and also did much to improve impoverished neighbourhoods. Anne has focused much of her life’s work on the needs of the less fortunate. This has come at a point in time when the disparity between rich and poor on our planet is at an historic high and, in the words of Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, “the collective landscape is a social necessity.”
Through her work with the African American communities of West Philadelphia she has challenged us to a higher calling – to address questions of spatial equity and environmental justice. One of her nominator’s expressed this to be the great challenge of our time, and “Anne has taken a leadership role in addressing this extremely complex issue. Through her writings and work she has made a unique and lasting contribution by showing how our work can improve the welfare of society and the environment.”
In short, Anne Whiston Spirn is a distinguished scholar and an important thinker. The jury felt that she richly deserves the IFLA Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe Award for 2018.